June 12, 2011 AD
Fascism - First Cousin of Socialism and Communism
As Montagu and Darling wrote:
Mussolini may have done many brutal and tyrannical things;
-- Snopes.com (actually saying that Mussolini was only a typical politician taking credit for the trains running on time after the disruptions of WW1.)
He may have destroyed human freedom in Italy;
He may have murdered and tortured citizens whose only crime was to oppose Mussolini;
But 'one had to admit' one thing about the Dictator: he 'made the trains run on time.'
Proof that the leftist Jewish media-Scribes really do not technically have a problem with the concept of fascism is the fact that pretty much the worst any of them ever say about Mussolini is that "he was a bad little boy but he did make the trains run on time."
Compared to the never-ending vitriol these Jewish media-Scribes dump on that other infamous Fascist -- Hitler -- this is nothing but an loving endorsement of Mussolini.
Had Hitler rounded up all the Lutherans or all the Catholics, instead of the Jews, Hitler would shine ever so brightly in their eyes as Stalin shown brilliantly in their eyes as Uncle Joe (who rounded up all the Ukranian Christians and slaughtered them).
- The fact of the matter is that Mussolini invented Fascism from the whole cloth of Socialism and Communism, later mixed with Nationalism.
- The fact of the matter is that Mussolini was a devout anti-Christian, and especially anti-Catholic Christian for most of his career. (Typical of these types)
- The fact of the matter is that Sir Samuel Hoare, the anti-English Englishman whose most famous act in history was in helping Jewish children to escape Hitler's Holocaust in the Kindertransport (and not a Ukrainian Christian Kindertransport of Christian children to escape Stalin's Holodomor). The fact NOT so famously known about this anti-Englishman was the fact that he forced Britain's MI5 to give aid, support and help finance Mussolini's rise to power.
- The fact of the matter is that Mussolini's mistress -- Margherita Sarfatti -- was known at the time as "The Jewish Mother of Fascism." Which is a nicer, but less accurate way of calling the tramp what she really was -- The Jewish Mistress of Fascism.
As you read this article's quotes, you will see the deep roots that socialism had for Mussolini's heart and you will see Jews doing nothing to stop it, but instead, encouraging it.
Because of the rise of nationalism in WW1, Mussolini slightly modified his anti-Christian "class-centric" international socialist rants into anti-Christian "national-centric" national socialist rants.
After WW1, Mussolini molded "international" socialism into "national" socialism and gave it an italian name of "Fasci".
("Fasci Rivoluzionari d'Azione Internazionalista" ==> Yahoo Babel Fish ==> "It makes us International Revolutionary Action")
Just prior to WW2, Mussolini included an anti-Semitic stance at the last moment just to appease Hitler and the Jewish Mistress of Fascism -- Sarfatti -- was sent packing.
In WW2, it would be the "national" socialists of Hitler and Mussolini fighting against "International" socialist in Stalin and the "Democratic" socialists of FDR and Churchill. After WW2, we all know, the "international" socialists of Stalin would be in Cold War with the "Democratic" Socialists of Truman and Churchill.
We have spoken about the complete range of possible governments
from no government over anything in society in a system called anarchism to total and complete control over everything in society in a system called totalitarianism.
Nudging as each other as close to totalitarianism is the three cousins -- Communism, Fascism and Socialism.
So long as the totalitarian governments don't target Jews when controling the populace (aka Hitler and later Mussolini), the Jews are the biggest supporters of totalitarian government, since the totalitarian governments are controlling the non-Jews, which make them feel safe and properous.
Just to make sure that Mussolini is forgiven for his tiny bout of anti-Semitism, Hollywood brought in Antonio Banderas to jazz and sex up the socialist image of Mussolini in the 1993 movie "Benito". (If you plan to watch "Benito" on Netflix, PLEASE be sure to completely read the plot given below, or else you will be completely lost.)
Mussolini Background Material
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945)
was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party and is credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of Fascism.
His father Alessandro Mussolini was a blacksmith and a socialist. Owing to his father's political leanings, Mussolini was named Benito after Mexican reformist President Benito Juárez, while his middle names Andrea and Amilcare were from Italian socialists Andrea Costa and Amilcare Cipriani.
Mussolini would become anti-clerical like his father. As a young man, he "proclaimed himself to be an atheist and several times tried to shock an audience by calling on God to strike him dead." He denounced socialists who were tolerant of religion, or who had their children baptized. He believed that science had proven there was no God, and that the historical Jesus was ignorant and mad. He considered religion a disease of the psyche, and accused Christianity of promoting resignation and cowardice.
Mussolini made vitriolic attacks against Christianity and the Catholic Church, "which he accompanied with provocative and blasphemous remarks about the consecrated host and about a love affair between Christ and Mary Magdalen." He believed that socialists who were Christian or who accepted religious marriage should be expelled from the party. He denounced the Catholic Church for "its authoritarianism and refusal to allow freedom of thought..." Mussolini's newspaper, La Lotta di Classe, reportedly had an anti-Christian editorial stance.
-- Wikipedia Benito Mussolini
Mussolini became active in the Italian socialist movement in Switzerland, working for the paper L'Avvenire del Lavoratore, organizing meetings, giving speeches to workers and serving as secretary of the Italian workers' union in Lausanne. In 1903, he was arrested by the Bernese police because of his advocacy of a violent general strike,
He also did office work for the local Socialist Party, and edited its newspaper L'Avvenire del Lavoratore (The Future of the Worker). Returning to Italy, he spent a brief time in Milan, and then in 1910 he returned to his hometown of Forli, where he edited the weekly Lotta di classe (The Class Struggle).
He also wrote one novel: L'amante del Cardinale: Claudia Particella, romanzo storico (The Cardinal's Mistress). This novel he co-wrote with Santi Corvaja, and was published as a serial book in the Trento newspaper Il Popolo. It was released in installments from 20 January to 11 May 1910. The novel was bitterly anticlerical, and years later was withdrawn from circulation after Mussolini made a truce with the Vatican
By now, he was considered to be one of Italy's most prominent Socialists. In September 1911, Mussolini participated in a riot, led by Socialists, against the Italian war in Libya. He bitterly denounced Italy's "imperialist war" to capture the Libyan capital city of Tripoli, an action that earned him a five-month jail term. After his release he helped expel from the ranks of the Socialist party two "revisionists" who had supported the war, Ivanoe Bonomi, and Leonida Bissolati. As a result, he was rewarded the editorship of the Socialist Party newspaper Avanti! Under his leadership, its circulation soon rose from 20,000 to 100,000.
-- Wikipedia Benito Mussolini
the National Socialist
Expulsion from the Italian Socialist Party
With the outbreak of World War I a number of socialist parties initially supported the war when it began in August 1914. Once the war began, Austrian, British, French, German, and Russian socialists followed the rising nationalist current by supporting their country's intervention in the war.
He eventually decided to declare support for the war by appealing to the need for socialists to overthrow the Hohenzollern and Habsburg monarchies in Germany and Austria-Hungary whom he claimed had consistently repressed socialism.
While he was supportive of the Entente powers, Mussolini responded to the conservative nature of Tsarist Russia by claiming that the mobilization required for the war would undermine Russia's reactionary authoritarianism and the war would bring Russia to social revolution.
After being ousted by the Italian Socialist Party for his support of Italian intervention, Mussolini made a radical transformation, ending his support for class conflict and joining in support of revolutionary nationalism transcending class lines.
On 5 December 1914, Mussolini denounced orthodox socialism for having failed to recognize that the war had brought about national identity and loyalty as being of greater significance than class distinction
Mussolini continued to promote the need of a revolutionary vanguard elite to lead society, but he no longer advocated a proletarian vanguard but instead a vanguard led by dynamic and revolutionary people of any social class
Though he denounced orthodox socialism and class conflict, he maintained at the time that he was a nationalist socialist and a supporter of the legacy of nationalist socialists in Italy's history
-- Wikipedia Benito Mussolini
These basic political views and principles formed the basis of Mussolini's newly formed political movement, the Fasci Rivoluzionari d'Azione Internazionalista in 1914, who called themselves Fascisti (Fascists).
An important factor in fascism gaining support in its earliest stages was the fact that it claimed to oppose discrimination based on social class and was strongly opposed to all forms of class war. Fascism instead supported nationalist sentiments such as a strong unity, regardless of class, in the hopes of raising Italy up to the levels of its great Roman past
The Fascisti, led by one of Mussolini's close confidants, Dino Grandi, formed armed squads of war veterans called Blackshirts (or squadristi) with the goal of restoring order to the streets of Italy with a strong hand. The blackshirts clashed with communists, socialists, and anarchists at parades and demonstrations; all of these factions were also involved in clashes against each other. The government rarely interfered with the blackshirts' actions, owing in part to a looming threat and widespread fear of a communist revolution. The Fascisti grew so rapidly that within two years, it transformed itself into the National Fascist Party at a congress in Rome.
Also in 1921, Mussolini was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for the first time.
-- Wikipedia Benito Mussolini
In the meantime, from about 1911 until 1938, Mussolini had various affairs with the Jewish author and academic Margherita Sarfatti, called the "Jewish Mother of Fascism" at the time.
-- Wikipedia Benito Mussolini
[Musslolini] once told his cabinet that "Islam was perhaps a more effective religion than Christianity" and that the "papacy was a malignant tumor in the body of Italy and must 'be rooted out once and for all', because there was no room in Rome for both the Pope and himself." He would publicly back down from these anti-clerical statements, but continued making similar statements in private.
-- Wikipedia Benito Mussolini
"The Jewish Mistress of Fascism"
In 1911 Margherita Sarfatti met, and started an affair with, Benito Mussolini. As a highly educated and intellectual woman, she played a significant role in the rise of fascism, only to be discarded when her lover turned to anti-Semitism, unable to credit a Jewish woman as his collaborator in the forging of a new ideology.
Italian Fascism was not inherently anti-Semitic, but when Mussolini's conquest of Abyssinia drew opprobrium from the League of Nations, he found solace only from Hitler and the like-minded. To curry favour with Hitler, the race laws were passed in 1938 and Sarfatti necessarily had to leave Mussolini's bed.
Susan Saradon says of Sarfatti, "She came over to the United States to sell Mussolini to the American people, and she did that by using Hearst's column. She wrote a column, and that was how they prepared the United States people for the concept of entering the war on the side of Mussolini, I suppose. And also she was trying to fund the war."
-- Wikipedia, Margherita Sarfatti (Are we supposed to use the term -- self-hating Jew Margherita Sarfatti?)
The British Whore
Sir Samuel Hoare, was a senior British Conservative politician who served in various Cabinet posts in the Conservative and National governments of the 1920s and 1930s
Hoare was first elected to the House of Commons at the January 1910 general election as Member of Parliament (MP) for Chelsea. In these early years he was a member of the Anti-Socialist Union
Serving in World War I as a soldier, and apparently on intelligence duties in Russia and in Italy, he met (and recruited for MI5) the then unknown Benito Mussolini. Newly uncovered documents show that Britain’s overseas intelligence service helped Benito Mussolini finance his first forays into Italian politics. Hoping to keep Italy on its side in 1917, during World War I, MI5 gave Mussolini, then 34 and editor of a right-wing newspaper, the equivalent of what’s now $9,500 a week to keep propaganda flowing
He was, however, most famous for his activities as Foreign Secretary beginning in 1935. In 1935, Hoare was instrumental in obtaining approval for the British rescue effort on behalf of endangered Jewish children in Europe known as the Kindertransport.
In the same year, Hoare dealt with the Italian invasion of Ethiopia. Together with French Prime Minister Pierre Laval, he developed the so-called Hoare–Laval Pact, which would have granted Italy considerable territorial concessions in Ethiopia, and put the rump of Ethiopia under Italian hegemony. In his memoirs Hoare claimed that his intentions were twofold: to appease Italy to keep Mussolini away from a German alliance, and to find a compromise which preserved elements of the Ethiopian state from Mussolini.
On Winston Churchill's appointment as Prime Minister in 1940, Hoare lost his cabinet position, and was after some months of unemployment, sent as Ambassador to Spain, with his wife Lady Maud Hoare. In this demanding and critical role he sought to encourage Francisco Franco, whom he loathed and whom he found a puzzling and obtuse interlocutor, to keep Spain out of the war, in which he was successful. His fluent memoir of this period "Ambassador on Special Mission" is an excellent insight into the day to day life of a demanding diplomatic position; his primary challenge was to dissuade Franco from his preferred drift to the Axis powers, while preventing the Allies from reacting with undue haste to repeated Spanish provocations.
--Wikipedia, Samuel Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood
The Rise and Fall of Mussolini
Director: Gian Luigi Calderone.
Starring: Antonio Banderas, Claudia Koll, Meme Perlini, Susanne Lothar, Toni Bertorelli, Valentina Lainati, Ivano Marescotti.
October 1901. Mussolini arrives on a train coming into Gualtieri station. His father Alessandro is a great socialist in his town of Forli. Mussolini has come to teach school in Gualitieri. He meets Julia, the daughter of the mayor. She is already married with a son, but this does not stop Mussolini from pursuing her. He seduces her and has sex with her. Her husband finds out and kicks Julia out of his house. The mayor is furious with his daughter and Mussolini, but Mussolini does not really seem to care. He simply returns to his father's house. He substitute teaches for his sick mother. There he raps the hands of the young student Giudi Rachelle.
Lausanne, summer 1902. Mussolini works in a quarry. He hates the job and the supervisor calls him the equivalent of "missie". He can't keep his mouth shut and leaves his job. He has to steal food from the plates of wealthy diners to survive. He finally goes to speak with the local union organizer, Serrati, who promises to help him. Mussolini also meets the anarchist Bertoni.
Mussolini speaks against the priests in a public debate in Geneva. He is so histrionic in his debate that Angelika Balabanoff, a highly positioned member of the Socialist Party, bursts into hysterical laughter. Mussolini meets her later. She is very critical of the young man. That, however, does not discourage Mussolini. He later kisses her. She bites and cuts his lip to stop his forwardness.
Mussolini gets a job at a construction site in Geneva. Of course, he hates this job too as he feels he is wasting his talent. He sees the wealthy red-headed Russian Eleonora with her friends and he very brazenly approaches her. Her friends are scandalized, but Eleonora likes the look of the handsome young man and she says that she had invited him to lunch. She befriends him and they have sex.
Angelika offers to help Mussolini make some money by translating a book into German. Mussolini has sex with her.
At Mussolini's old construction job site a young boy falls off the scaffolding to his death. Mussolini calls for a general strike. Mussolini soon finds himself in jail because he had falsified his passport to get into Geneva. Angelika uses her considerable political contacts to get Mussolini freed. He was to be deported back to Italy. Mussolini cannot stay in Geneva but he can stay elsewhere in Switzerland.
Trento in the Austrian-Hungarian empire. Five years later. Mussolini is the editor of the Worker's Future. Angelika visits him and scolds him for being trapped in a "cage of individualism" and for only wanting to be applauded and to be number one. But she later gets him released.
Back in his home town, Mussolini meets the former student Giudi Rachelle who is now 18 years old and scrubs floors. She tells the fast-moving Mussolini that she cannot date him unless they are engaged and so Mussolini proposes. Mussolini works his way up to be the Secretary of the Socialist Party of Forli.
Mussolini gets himself into a huge battle with the Republicans. The socialists have been cooperating with the Republicans, but Mussolini thinks this is a mistake. He feels that the Republicans (in Forli under the leadership of Nenni) are too willing to compromise with the government. They are just not radical enough for Mussolini.
At the 11th Convention of the Socialist Party of Italy in Milan, Mussolini sees Angelika again. She tells him that she will introduce him to the revolutionary faction of the party. It is at this time that Angelika learns that Mussolini is married and has a young daughter. She is upset and mad at Mussolini. Mussolini wants to publish a call for armed struggle, but he cannot get consent to do so. The young man from Forli is beginning to be seen as a real trouble-maker. The supposedly radical faction wants to rein him in a bit. They get leader Mazzonni to break publicly with Mussolini as a rabble-rouser. From the balcony at the conference Mussolini shouts insults at Mazzonni for betraying him. Mussolini insists he get a chance to speak and it is granted. He shouts that the socialist leadership is just reformist and is holding back the revolution. He urges the membership to end the relationship with the reformists. It is, however, to no avail. The crowd shouts down the fire-brand Mussolini.
Mussolini returns to Forli. His father is dying. Nenni shows up at the funeral and the enraged Mussolini tells the reformist that this is only the beginning of the real war. Mussolini urges the party in Forli to break with the main party. Under Mussolini the socialists of Forli set fired to the threshing machines of the Republicans. Nenni retaliates by breaking with the socialist Chamber of Labor to start their own Chamber of Labor. Soon the Republican Chamber of Labor becomes the more influential of the two organizations.
Rachelle comes home late and Mussolini explodes at her. She tells her husband that she is afraid of him and her daughter is too.
Losing ground, Mussolini launches a physical attack on the Republicans. One of the Republicans is killed in the mayhem. The Republicans retaliate by trying to assassinate Mussolini. Riding in a carriage with Angelika, Mussolini is warned of the assassination attempt just in the knick of time and he and Angelika escape. Angelika was sent to evaluate the situation in Forli. She tells Mussolini that she will recommend that the party abolish the Forli Federation.
Mussolini returns home late at night stinking drunk and starts breaking up his own home. His mother-in-law has to rush to the neighbors to get help in subduing the crazed Mussolini. They have to tie him to the bed.
It's War!! General Cagni will land in Tripoli, Libya. The whole situation is now changed. Mussolini and Nenni come together in agreement to say no to the war. Mussolini soon becomes a popular anti-war hero. He gets thrown into jail. But his socialist friends are able to get him out. Since he is now so popular, they want Mussolini to speak at Reggamilio to present the position of the revolutionary wing of the party.
Mussolini obtains the ousting of the main reformist leader of the party. And then he gets control of the main voice of the party, L'Avanti. This control in turn gave him control of the Socialist Party of Italy.
Rachelle has heard gossip about Angelika, but she brushes it aside. Her husband leaves for Milan and L'Avanti.
The Battle of the Marne, World War I. Italy remains neutral. Pressure, however, is mounting for Italy to join the Triple Alliance of France, Britain and Russia. The government has its supporters look for a way to turn newspapers over to the pro-war side. They especially want a socialist newspaper to support Italy's entry into the war. Filippo Naldi approaches Massimo Rocca who works with Mussolini at L'Avanti to get him to try to convince Mussolini to support war. Rocca wants war because he believes that only a disastrous war will bring the bourgeoisie to its knees.
Mussolini meets Mrs. Sarfatti who is the art critic for L'Avanti. The editor takes a liking to the woman. Angelika has dinner with Mussolin and Rachele at their home. She is sad that the Socialist International no longer exists. The proletariat of the various warring countries have lined up with their perspective nations.
Mussolini visits Forli. He sees his old ally Primo only to find that he has enlisted and leaves for France and the war the next week.
Naldi speaks with Mussolini directly to try to influence him. But Mussolini is a stubborn man. So Rocca writes a very critical piece about the neutrality stance of Mussolini calling him "a man of straw". At L'Avanti everyone wants Mussolini to fire off a reply, but their editor appears reluctant. When Mussolini does write an editorial reply, he takes a pro-war response. He says that since all the proletariats are opting to support their countries in World War I, the Socialist Party had to take this into account. The Socialist Party does not want to lose the talented man, but Mussolini won't compromise and gets himself thrown out of the Socialist Party. He has to leave L'Avanti.
Naldi tells Mussolini that he needs a newspaper of his own. This is still another cynical attempt to influence Mussolini. Mussolini decides to go with Naldi. Naldi says that he has to get a group of investors for the pro-war Socialist newspaper. But later Naldi tells Mussolini that the deal fell through. But the skeptical Mussolini decides to approach the French investor Vautrot himself. Vautrot is excited by the idea of starting a pro-war Socialist newspaper in Italy. Mussolini is elated that the paper will be all his to do as he wants. He writes an article that is both pro-war and critical of the government, a stand that greatly disappoints Naldi.
May 24, 1915. Italy joins the war on the side of the Triple Alliance. Mussolini begins his struggle that will eventually lead to his dictatorship over Italy. Angelika becomes his implacable enemy and helps found the Social Democratic Party.
Pretty good movie. But the title is very misleading. The film only deals with the rise of Mussolini to the point where he has control of his own Socialist newspaper and can write whatever he wants. Actually, Mussolini continues to rise until he becomes dictator of Italy. The history of Mussolini's life as a socialist is not really all that interesting. And it is hardly important at all compared to Mussolini's actions as a fascist. A lot of the movie time is spent in rather dull disputes whether or not the revolution is at hand. Hardly the subject matter that can match that of the rise of fascism, the loss of freedom of speech as well as other freedoms, war in Ethiopia, alliance with Hitler, World War II, the Allied invasion of Italy and Mussolini's death.
And because the movie only deals with Mussolini as a socialist, it makes the audience feel somewhat sympathetic to the man.
And a dirty, rotten fascist is not someone we should be feeling good about.
I would chose a movie about Mussolini other than this one.
Patrick L. Cooney, Ph. D.
Director: Gian Luigi Calderone
Benito: The Rise and Fall of Mussolini (1993)
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